Solar PV and Battery End-of-Life Considerations

How should solar panels and batteries be managed at the end of their useful life? Can they be reused or recycled? Will they be hazardous wastes? These are not questions for the future, but right now for panels that may be damaged in shipment or accidents. The answers are evolving, but there are questions coops can ask and consider to limit future liability.


  • Ken Ladwig – Sr. Technical Executive – EPRI
  • Taylor Curtis – Legal & Regulatory Analyst, Strategic Energy Analysis Center – NREL
  • Liz Williamson – Partner – Williams Mullen